The fig ( Ficus carica )is native to Asia Minor and has been cultivated for thousands of years. It is one of the most popular and desirable fruits of warm-temperate areas. Once established it requires little maintenance.
There are several varieties (cultivars) that do well in South Texas. An old time favorite, 'Brown Turkey' is a medium-small fig with a violet-brown skin and reddish-amber colored pulp. The fruit are tear-drop shaped. The pulp has a very sweet but not too rich Texas Everbearing, though somewhat similar to the Brown Turkey, the flesh is more amber in color and the the shape of the tree is more upright instead of broad-spreading. LSU Purple is vigorous, upright growing and has above average resistance to leaf diseases. Ripe fruit of good quality may be produced on young trees. Celeste is a small sized fig with purple skin and pink flesh that ripens earlier than most varieties with a fresh dessert quality. Violet de Bordeaux is a purplish-black fruit with rich strawberry pulp and considered by some to be the finest tasting fig. Alma is a medium sized yellow to tan fruit that is a late season variety ripening in July with rich, sweet flavor.